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濕地教育中心 | 濕地教育中心如何建立--第三屆濕地教育中心研討會

媒體:濕地教育中心  作者:濕地教育中心
專業號:紅樹林基金會
2019/12/6 15:31:53

2019 WEC Symposium: How to Set up a Wetland Education Center

 

2019年10月16日, “第三屆濕地教育中心研討會” 在海南海口召開。這次研討會是由國家林業和草原局濕地管理司指導,保爾森基金會、老牛基金會、紅樹林基金會(MCF)共同主辦,海口市林業局、海口市濕地保護管理中心協辦,萬科公益基金會支持。

On October 16th, 2019, the "2019 Wetland Education Center Symposium" was held in Haikou, Hainan Province. The symposium was supervised by the Wetland Management Department of the State Forestry and Grassland Administration (SFGA), and co-hosted by Paulson Institute, Lao Niu Foundation and Shenzhen Mangrove Wetlands Conservation Foundation (MCF). The symposium also drew up support from Haikou Forestry Bureau, Haikou Wetland Protection and Management center, and the Vanke Foundation.

 

36名來自濕地保護與管理相關部門代表、國際組織及社會組織代表參加了會議,就優秀濕地教育中心創建經驗、評估策略開展交流并詳細討論了由中國沿海濕地保護網絡濕地教育中心項目組起草的《濕地教育中心創建指引(討論稿)》。

36 representatives from relevant departments of wetland protection and management, international organizations and social organizations attended the symposium. Symposium participants exchanged their experiences and strategies on the establishment of wetland education centers. The "Guidelines for the Establishment of Wetland Education Centers (in Draft)", which was drew up by the Wetland Education Center of China Coastal Wetland Conservation Network was discussed in great detail.

會上,國家林草局濕地司綜合處處長高靜芳、保爾森基金會顧問石建斌、紅樹林基金會(MCF)秘書長閆保華為中國沿海濕地保護網絡濕地教育中心項目專家顧問組頒發了聘書。這些在濕地教育中心創建有著豐富理論和實踐經驗的專家顧問,將持續對該項目的開展提供專業指導和支持。

Gao Jingfang, Director of the General Office, Wetland Department of SFGA, Shi Jianbin, consultant of Paulson Institute, and Yan Baohua, Secretary General of MCF, offered appointment certifications to the members of advisory panel. Experts who are well experienced in establishing and managing wetland education vowed to provide guidance and support for the project.


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頒證合影照片Certificate Appointment Ceremony


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國家林草局濕地司綜合處處長高靜芳為研討會致辭,她說“自然教育是生態文明的重要抓手,是經濟社會發展的迫切需要,隨著我國經濟社會發展和生態文明意識的提高,以走進自然、回歸自然為主要特點的自然教育已經成為公眾的一個新要求。希望我們的項目通過開展多種形式提升各類濕地類型自然保護地的宣教功能,打造亮點、打造品牌,以條件好的沿海濕地自然保護地為基礎,支持他們打造和創建一批樣板點,進一步形成人與自然濕地和諧發展的局面。”

Gao made a speech in the symposium. She said that “natural education is a vital starting point for ecological civilization and is an urgent need for economic and social development. With the development of economy and society, the improvement of awareness of ecological civilization, natural education, which is characterized by the spirit of ‘walking into nature’ and ‘returning to nature’, has become a new demand of the public”. She expected that the project would enhance the awareness-building and education functions of wetland nature reserves. She hoped that the project could highlight its uniqueness and make it well known by the public. In addition, Gao also appealed that those coastal wetland and nature reserves, which are in good conditions should be set up as models in the national efforts to build a harmony between human beings and natural wetlands.


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林草局濕地司綜合處處長高靜芳致辭

Gao Jingfang, Director of the General Office, Wetland Department, SFGA, makes a speech at the symposium.

 

紅樹林基金會(MCF)項目官員楊小清介紹了“中國沿海濕地保護網絡濕地教育中心“項目成果,項目組在2018-2019年,主要圍繞項目愿景和目標開展工作,主要包括研討會、專題培訓,以及在調研基礎上為首批網絡成員中的三個樣板點進行的規劃等專項工作。

Yang Xiaoqing, project officer of MCF, introduced the achievements that the Wetland Education Center project had yielded.  From 2018 to 2019, in line with MCF visions and missions, the center organized different symposiums and trainings. Drawing on the data collected from field work, the experts worked out a detailed plan for the building of three “model sites”, which would function as demonstration for the network members.     


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紅樹林基金會(MCF)項目官員楊小清介紹“中國沿海濕地保護網絡濕地教育中心“項目

Yang Xiaoqing, MCF project officer, introduces the project that the Wetland Education Center is working on.

主題分享Experience Sharing


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Bena Smith,WWT國際濕地管理的專家,有很豐富的濕地管理、水鳥管理和保護經驗

Bena Smith, from WWT International Wetland Management, is well-experienced in wetland and waterfowl management and conservation.

 

英國野鳥與濕地信托基金會(簡稱WWT)Bena Smith 結合倫敦濕地教育中心的創建、運行等經驗分享主題“如何成功設計和運營濕地中心“,Bena 認為“雖然各個濕地中心都不一樣,但是都有一個共同特質就是所有的濕地中心都將人與自然緊密的聯系在一起,并為人們提供正規的、非正規的學習機會。對于濕地中心都是一個基本原則:所有濕地中心都應該將人與自然緊密聯系一起,并為人們提供正規、非正規的學習的地方。讓青少年在濕地獲得和自然連接的親密感非常重要,WWT創辦人一生都致力于此,一直強調讓人們真正的參與自然的活動,引發對于濕地和自然的興趣。”

Bena Smith, British expert from Wild Birds and Wetlands Trust (WWT), shared his experience in building and operating the London Wetland Education Center. In his talk, “How to successfully design and operate a wetland center”, Bena stressed that though different from each other, all centers the share same concept that human beings and nature should be closely connected. Wetland centers should provide both formal and informal wetland knowledge for the public. It is a basic principle, all wetland centers should actively link people with nature and provide both formal and informal learning places for the public. It is very important for young people to acquire the intimacy in their connection to nature and wetlands. At last, Bena noted that the founder of WWT has devoted all his life to realize the belief, which appeals people to be truly involved in activities so as to arouse their enthusiasts in wetlands and nature.


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陳仕泓,臺北市野鳥學會總干事,專注于自然保護、自然教育以及鳥類保護保育,如何利用自然教育促進自然保護的工作。

Chen Shihong, Chief Executive of Wild Bird Society of Taipei makes a speech. His talk focuses on nature conservation, nature education and bird conservation, and how to promote nature conservation through nature education.

 

臺北市野鳥會總干事陳仕泓以“濕地教育中心的創建、管理與思考”為主題,分享了臺灣在建設濕地教育中心和臺北關渡自然公園長久運營的經驗等內容。“對我們自然教育中心的伙伴,我常常跟他們分享一件事情:走的快不如走得久,要讓你這個組織走得久,不能說現在就要建的跟關渡(臺北市關渡自然公園)、倫敦濕地公園一樣,說實在的,不是很現實,而且你會發現很累。所以要保持你的步驟,五年后就可能產生一個新的案例跟模式。”

Chen Shihong, Chief Executive of Wild Bird Society of Taipei, shared his long-term experience in the construction of wetland education center in Taiwan and Guandu Nature Park in Taipei City. Chen’s talk was “Establishment, Management and Speculation of Wetland Education Center”. “I believe that ‘walking faster is not as good as walking longer’. I often share this belief with my colleagues. If you want to walk longer, it is not realistic to build a nature park the same as Guandu Nature Park in Taipei City and London Wetland Park rightaway or you will find it very tiring. So keep your steps, a new model may emerge in five years”, Chen Shihong said.

 


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葉思敏,2004年開始從事自然教育工作,現在負責世界自然基金會自然教育的協調跟運營籌劃工作,希望利用教育促進自然保護。

Ye Simin, who began to work in nature education in 2004, is now in charge of the coordination and operation planning of nature education of WWF, hoping to use education to promote nature conservation.

世界自然基金會香港分會教育副總監葉思敏的“環境教育活動成效評估”強調評估工作應內置于自然教育活動之中,需不是可有可無的外置環節。自然教育活動中的評估工作面臨諸多的挑戰,例如評估標準的確定、如何在有限的活動時間內開展評估、自然條件變化對評估的影響等。同時,她還分享在評估實踐工作中的經驗。

 In her talk, “Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Environmental Education Activities, Ye Simin, Deputy Director of Education of WWF Hong Kong, emphasized that the evaluation should be built into the natural education activities and not an optional external link. The evaluation in natural education activities faces many challenges, such as the determination of evaluation criteria, how to carry out the evaluation within the limited time, and the impact of changes in natural conditions on the evaluation. At the same time, she also shared her experience in evaluation practice.

 

 

 

圓桌會議

Round-table Conference

《濕地教育中心創建指引》專項研討

Symposium on the Revision of Guidelines for the Establishment of Wetland Education Centers

本屆研討會通過圓桌會議的形式,以《濕地教育中心創建指引(討論稿)》所涉及濕地教育中心創建的四個要素可持續發展、教育活動、教學場地、人員配置為主題分組進行了討論。參會人員結合自己所在保護區、濕地公園的自然教育中心創建實踐,為《指引(討論稿)》提出了各個層面的建議。項目組后期將根據建議修改《濕地教育中心創建指引(討論稿)》,以期為沿海濕地伙伴創建和運營濕地教育中心提供直觀、易落地、付諸實踐的參考和指引。

In the round table symposium, participants fully discussed the draft of “Guidelines for the Establishment of Wetland Education Center”, with focus on four key elements, including sustainable development, educational activities, teaching venues, and personnel. Based on their own practices gained from building other nature education centers and wetland parks, participants put forward suggestions for improvement. With the help of constructive suggestions from experts, the project team would revise the draft, which expects to provide clear, practical and feasible guidance for our partners to build and run wetland education centers.


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濕地教育中心是什么?

What is a Wetland Education Center?

濕地教育中心是指一個人們能夠和野生動植物互動,并定期舉辦以濕地保護為前提的交流、教育、公眾參與和意識提升活動的場所。

Wetland Education Center is a place where people can interact with wildlife and organize regular activities through which people can communicate, learn, participate and raise awareness based on wetland protection.

濕地教育中心可以為人們親近濕地提供美好的環境,同時也是學習濕地知識的重要場域。建立濕地教育中心是推廣濕地教育、提升公眾生態觀念、宣傳濕地保護意義的有效方法。

The center provides public with pleasant environment and an approachable place to know wetlands. The establishment of Wetland Education Center is a practical means to promote education, raise awareness and understand the significance of wetland protection.

 

 

為什么要設立濕地教育中心

Why Do We Need a Wetland Education Center?

2018年9月,國家林業和草原局濕地管理司、老牛基金會、保爾森基金會以及紅樹林基金會(MCF)在北京正式啟動了“中國沿海濕地保護網絡濕地教育中心”項目,計劃在未來三年時間里,在中國按照國際標準建立和發展3-5個濕地教育中心樣板點,探索中國濕地教育中心創建和運營模式,推動沿海濕地的教育、宣傳工作向專業化、系統化方向發展并為沿海濕地的有效保護奠定公眾支持和社會化參與基礎。

In September 2018, the Wetland Education Center project was launched by the Wetland Management Department of SFGA, Lao Niu Foundation, Paulson Institute and MCF, in Beijing. The education center project is succedent work after establishment of China Coastal Wetland Conservation Network (CCWCN). In three years, the education center project expects to build 3-5 demonstrative wetland education centers in China, in accordance with international standards. Goals of the project are as follows: a) to build the establishment and operation mode of China wetland education center; b) to promote the specialized and systematic education and publicity of coastal wetland; c) to lay a foundation for public support of, and participation in, coastal wetland conservation.

繼2018年1月和9月先后召開了第一屆和第二屆濕地教育中心研討會后,第三屆濕地教育中心研討會在2019年10月16日于海口市舉辦。海口市2018年10月正式入選全球首批國際濕地城市,會議在這樣的國際濕地城市舉辦更有標志性意義。

Following the first and second wetland education center seminars held in January and September 2018, The 2019 Wetland Education Center Seminar was held in Haikou city on October 16, 2019. Haikou City was officially selected as the first international wetland city in the world in October 2018, and it bears more symbolic significance to hold the conference in such an international wetland city.

項目介紹

An Introduction to the Project

為盡快遏制中國濱海濕地面積大幅減少、濱海濕地生態服務功能退化、近海海域野生魚類資源急劇下降的趨勢,2015年,國家林草局濕地管理司(原國家林業局濕地保護管理中心)和保爾森基金會聯合發起了“中國沿海濕地保護網絡”。

In order to curb quick shrink in size and fast deterioration in functions in China’s wetlands, as well as reversing sharp decline of coastal wild fish resources, in 2015, the Wetland Management Department of SFGA (formerly the Wetland Protection and Management Center of the State Forestry Administration), together with Paulson Institute, jointly launched the “China Coastal Wetland Conservation Network” project.

在中國沿海濕地保護網絡的基礎上,2018年,國家林草局濕地管理司、保爾森基金會、老牛基金會、紅樹林基金會(簡稱MCF)又共同啟動了 “濕地教育中心項目”,旨在通過發起建設中國濕地教育中心行動,整體推動中國沿海濕地宣教工作的專業化發展,為沿海濕地的有效保護奠定公眾支持和社會化參與的基礎。

Based on the works that done by CCWCN, in 2018, the Wetland Management Department of SFGA, Paulson Institute, Lao Niu Foundation and MCF jointly launched the Wetland Education Center project. The project expects to professionalize coastal wetland education in China through education centers. The project also helps to draw public support and improve social engagement for effective protection of coastal wetlands.


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